Vanna In, center, poses for photos with two of his three children, Thanny, left, and Jeevin in Fresno, Calif. (Eric Paul Zamora/The Fresno Bee via AP)Vanna In carries his daughter Thanny in Fresno, Calif., in May 2018. (Eric Paul Zamora/The Fresno Bee via AP)Vanna In is seen while interviewed in Fresno, Calif., in May 2018. (Eric Paul Zamora/The Fresno Bee via AP)Phal Sok, left, rides the Metro Blue Line train in Los Angeles to visit with his brother in Long Beach, Calif., in 2017. (Genaro Molina/Los Angeles Times via AP)Phal Sok sits in a transitional house where he currently lives in Los Angeles in 2017. (Genaro Molina /Los Angeles Times via AP)
SACRAMENTO, Calif. — California Gov. Jerry Brown announced Friday he pardoned three former prisoners facing the threat of deportation to Cambodia, including one who became a youth pastor after serving six years in the 1990s for murdering a rival gang member.
The three were among 36 pardons granted by Brown within the past week. He’s also commuted the sentences of 31 current inmates who can now seek speedier paroles.
Among the pardons are Cambodian refugee Vanna In, who entered the United States at age 3. He served six years for the murder of a fellow gang member at age 17 but was released in 2001.
He subsequently started Jobs of Hope for former gang members, which Brown’s pardon says has “helped dozens of individuals to turn away from gangs and become law abiding, productive citizens.” He also became a youth minister at a Mennonite Brethren church and hundreds wrote to the governor attesting to his rehabilitation.
“While the seriousness of the crime can never be minimized,” Brown wrote, “I believe that Mr. In should be permitted to have the chance at remaining in a community to which he has devoted a life of service.”
He is currently under a deportation order after living in the U.S. as a lawful permanent resident, Brown wrote.
Phal Sok served 15 years for a Los Angeles County armed robbery and now works for criminal justice reform. He was three years old when he came to the United States as a Cambodian refugee and has lived here as a lawful permanent resident for 37 years but is currently under removal proceedings, Brown’s pardon said.
Los Angeles-area businessman Heng Lao served two years for assault with a deadly weapon. Lao is also a Cambodian facing deportation, Brown’s office said, although his circumstances are not outlined in his pardon.
“Those granted pardons all completed their sentences years ago and the majority were convicted of drug-related or other nonviolent crimes,” Brown’s office said in a statement. “Pardons are not granted unless they are earned.”
Brown has granted 1,186 pardons since returning to the governor’s office in 2011 and granted 404 during his first two terms as governor from 1975 to 1983.
Brown’s father, Edmund G. “Pat” Brown had 467 pardons and 55 commutations, but there have been long stretches of very few. From 1991 through 2010, former Govs. Pete Wilson and Gray Davis issued no pardons while Arnold Schwarzenegger handed out just 15.
Brown has commuted 82 sentences in his most recent two terms, compared to 10 by Schwarzenegger, none by Davis and four by Wilson.